CSS position is a property that allows you to control the positioning of elements on a web page. It determines how an element is positioned within its containing element or the entire document.
position property in CSS can take several values:
static: This is the default value. Elements with
position: staticare positioned according to the normal flow of the document. The
leftproperties have no effect on statically positioned elements.
relative: Elements with
position: relativeare positioned relative to their normal position in the document flow. You can use the
leftproperties to offset the element from its normal position. Other elements on the page will not be affected by the position of the relatively positioned element.
absolute: Elements with
position: absoluteare positioned relative to their nearest positioned ancestor, if any. If no positioned ancestor exists, it is positioned relative to the initial containing block, which is usually the viewport. Absolute positioning takes the element out of the normal document flow, and other elements will ignore it. You can use the
leftproperties to position the element precisely.
fixed: Elements with
position: fixedare positioned relative to the viewport, even if the page is scrolled. Fixed positioning is commonly used for elements that should always be visible, such as navigation bars or headers. Like absolute positioning, fixed positioning also takes the element out of the normal document flow.
sticky: Elements with
position: stickyare positioned based on the user’s scroll position. It acts as a hybrid of
fixedpositioning. The element is initially positioned according to the normal flow of the document but becomes fixed (stays in place) when the user scrolls to a specific threshold. You can use the
leftproperties to control the position when it becomes sticky.
These different position values provide flexibility in controlling the layout and positioning of elements on a web page. By using them appropriately, you can create dynamic and responsive designs.