# Python Math

## Python Math

Python provides a built-in module called `math` that offers various mathematical operations and functions. You can import the `math` module at the beginning of your code like this:

`python`
``````import math
``````

Once you have imported the `math` module, you can use its functions and constants to perform mathematical calculations. Here are some commonly used functions and constants from the `math` module:

1. Mathematical Constants:
• `math.pi`: Represents the mathematical constant π (pi).
• `math.e`: Represents the mathematical constant e (Euler’s number).
2. Basic Mathematical Functions:
• `math.sqrt(x)`: Returns the square root of x.
• `math.pow(x, y)`: Returns x raised to the power y.
• `math.exp(x)`: Returns e raised to the power x.
• `math.log(x, base)`: Returns the logarithm of x to the given base (default is natural logarithm).
• `math.log10(x)`: Returns the base-10 logarithm of x.
• `math.ceil(x)`: Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to x.
• `math.floor(x)`: Returns the largest integer less than or equal to x.
• `math.trunc(x)`: Returns the truncated integer value of x (removes the decimal part).
3. Trigonometric Functions:
• `math.sin(x)`: Returns the sine of x (x is in radians).
• `math.cos(x)`: Returns the cosine of x (x is in radians).
• `math.tan(x)`: Returns the tangent of x (x is in radians).
• `math.radians(degrees)`: Converts degrees to radians.
• `math.degrees(radians)`: Converts radians to degrees.
4. Other Functions:
• `math.factorial(x)`: Returns the factorial of x.
• `math.gcd(x, y)`: Returns the greatest common divisor of x and y.
• `math.isclose(a, b, rel_tol=1e-09, abs_tol=0.0)`: Returns True if the values a and b are close to each other within the specified tolerance.

These are just a few examples of the functions and constants provided by the `math` module. You can explore more by referring to the Python documentation for the `math` module: math — Mathematical functions

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